The GuggenheimMuseumBilbaois a modernand contemporaryart museumin Bilbaoin the BasqueCountry, which opened to the public in1997 and isone of fourmuseums of theSolomon R.GuggenheimFoundation.The innovativestructureof the building wasdesigned by FrankGehryin the style thatmade him famous. Its silhouetteis the resultof a uniqueblend ofstone, glass, water and titanium. The museumquickly became one ofthe mostknown andpopularcontemporary buildingsin the world, doingso much forthe renewaland reputation ofthe city.This impact onthe cityhas beennamedby researchersas “Guggenheim Effect”
2- Potala Palace, Tibet
ThepalacePotal, is a palace–fortress ordzongseventeenth century,located in Lhasa, on the hill ofMarpari(“Red Hill”), in the center ofLhasa Valley. Including a“white palace” and a “red palace” and their ancillary buildings, the building embodies the unionof spiritual andtemporal powerandtheir role inthe administrationof Tibet.Built bythefifthDalai Lama,LobsangGyatso(1617-1682), the palace was especiallyprimary residenceof successiveDalai Lamasuntilthe leakof the 14thDalai Lamain Dharamsala, Indiaafterthe Tibetanuprising1959the palacesince becomea museum ofthe People’s Republicof China.Heenjoys protectionunder theChinese StateNational Heritagesince 1961and is listedon theWorld Heritage Listof UNESCO since1994.
3- Library of Alexandria, Egypt
The Library of Alexandria, founded in Alexandria, Egypt, -288 and finally destroyed at the latest between -48 and 642, was the most famous library of antiquity and brought together the most important works of the time.
4-Sagrada Familia, Spain
TheSagradaFamiliais a RomanCatholic basilicainBarcelona. The constructionof the designedby AntoniGaudíinneukatalanischenstylechurchis unfinishedto this day.It wasstartedin 1882 andwillbecompletedin 2026according to the latestforecasts.
5- Taj Mahal, India
TajMahalmeans “Crown Palace” in Persian, is locatedin Agra, on the banks of theYamunaRiverin the stateof UttarPradeshin India.It is awhite marble mausoleumbuilt byMughalemperorShah Jahanin memory of hiswifeArjumandBanuBegam, alsoknown asMumtazMahal, whichin Persian means“light of thepalace.” She diedJune 17, 1631givingbirth to theirfourteenth childwhile shewent to the country. Itis a firstburialtherein the gardenZainabadtoBurhanpur. Athis deathJan. 31, 1666, her husbandwas buriedwith her.…
6- Imam Mosque, Iran
ShahMosqueis a religious buildinglocatedin Isfahan, built for theSafavid rulerShahAbbas Ibetween1612 and1630Its mainarchitectsaremuhibbal-Din al-Kula andUstadAliAkbarIsfahani. The building isalso known asImamMosque, referring to Imam Khomeini.
7– Krakdes Chevaliers, Syria
Krak desChevaliers,orKrakof theHospital –the word “krak” derives from the Syriackarak, meaning “fortress” – Qal`atal-Hosn (The impregnable fortress) orHisnal-Akrad (Kurdish fortress) is a castledating back tothe Crusades. It is situatedin westernSyria,onthe foothillsof theJabalAnsariya. Since 2006, heis listed on theWorld Heritage Listof UNESCO.
8- Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Brazil
The Oscar Niemeyer Museum is a museum in the Brazilian city of Curitiba. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer and opened in 2002.
9-Winter Palace, Russia
The Winter Palaceis a formerimperialpalace in theheartof St. Petersburgin Russia, built in1754-1762at the requestof the EmpressElizabeth,daughter of Peter theGreat.
HagiaSophiais a formerChristian church inthe sixth centuryConstantinople, now a mosquein the fifteenthcentury under the leadershipof SultanMehmedII.It is built onthehistorical peninsula of Istanbul. Since 1934,it is no longera place of worshipbuta museum.Its esplanadeis a measureof the glory ofByzantium.Often calledthe Great Church, the Basilicaisdedicated to Christ, “Wisdom ofGod,”according to the Christiantheologicaltradition.The dedicationof the shrineis celebratedon December 25.