Bridgeof Hangzhou Bayor hisfull name“Grand trans-oceanic bridgeHangzhou Bay” isa roadsuspension bridgethat crosses the bayofHangzhou, China. Opened to trafficin 2008, it connects NingboandShanghai, the two largestport areasof China andreduces thejourney between the twocitiesabout 120km.
2. Seven Mile Bridge
TheSevenMileBridgeinthe Florida Keys, is a bridge that crossesa passbetween the Gulfof Mexico and theFlorida Strait, connecting Knight‘s Key in theMiddleKeystoLittleDuck Keyin theLowerKeys.Among the longestbridges in the worldwhen it was builtin 1982, it is one of the manyartU.S. Route1 itemsin the Keys, which is therecalled theOverseasHighway.
3. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway Bridge
TheLakePontchartrainCausewaynorth of NewOrleans,Louisiana, United States, with a length of38.422 kilometersis the tenthlongestbridge in the worldand thesecond longestbridge over water.
4. San Mateo Bridge
TheSanMateo–Hayward Bridgespans thebayfrom SanFrancisco andconnects the city ofHaywardwithFoster City, a company founded in 1971planned cityeast ofSanMateo.With a length of11265.41metersit is the longestof the fivebridgesin the Bay ofSanFranciscoas well aseverin California.Their main functionis to connectInterstate880in the East Baywith U.S. Highway101on the SanFrancisco peninsula. It is usedto a large extentby commuterswho livein the East Bayand workin Silicon Valley.Because of theirparallel positionto the BayBridgeandtheDumbartonBridgeis sometimesused as adetour routewhen it comestothesebridgesto greatercongestion.
5. Donghai Bridge
TheDonghaiDaqiaois aleadingbridgeover lakein China.The constructionbegan in June2002.The completionwas10 December2005.
The32.5 kmlongand 31.5meterswide roadbridgeconnects the portLuchaoinLingangNew Cityof the districtPudongofShanghaiwithYangshandeep-water portin the circleShengsiof Zhejiang Province.It runs40meters abovethe sea surface.At theirlargestships to passthroughmobileofficeup to atotal capacityof 10,000 tons.
6. Confedration Bridge
TheConfederation Bridgeconnectsthe islandsince 1997,PrinceEdward Island andNew Brunswickspanning theNorthumberland Straiton the east coastof Canada.With12.9 kilometers, isthe longest bridgeoverasea areacovered with icein the world.Thetwo-lane road11m wideis part of theTrans-Canada HighwaybetweenBorden-Carleton, PEI,PrinceEdward Island,and a pointjust westofCapeStorm, New Brunswick.It is a structureof62separatemulti-span250 m,post-tensioned concreteboxgirderat. Muchof the curvedbridge is40 metersabovethe water, butit contains asection60metersto allow the passageof boats.
7. Rio-Niteroi Bridge
The bridge ispart ofthe federal highwayBR-101, which runs through theeastern seaboardof the country betweenthe states of RioGrande doNorteandRioGrande doSul.
It measures13.3 kmin length,of which8.8 kmon the waters ofthe bay.With27 mwidth,decksupports2 x 4roadlanes.
8. The Penang Bridge
The Penang Bridgeis acable-stayed bridgelocatedin Malaysiathat connects the islandofPenanginthe Malay Peninsula, SeberangPeraiandbetweenGelugor. Thebridge acrossthe Straits ofPenang,is also linked totheNorth-SouthHighwayinPraiandJelutongExpresswayin Penang.
It was officiallyopened to traffic onSeptember 14, 1985. Its total lengthis 13.5km,making itthe second longestbridge in the country, after the inaugurationin March2014secondPenang Bridgelocated tenkilometers to theSouth
9. The Vasco da Gama Bridge
TheVasco da Gamabridgeis a continuousviaductthat crossesthe Tagus estuaryinitswidest part,north of Lisbon, a distance of 12.3km.Itsoverall lengthof over 17kmisthelargest in Europeandthe 27thlargest in the world. Construction beganin 1995 and thebridge was openedto the publicMarch 29, 1998, just before the World Expo’98celebrating the500th anniversary of thediscovery of the searoute to Indiaby Vasco daGama.
10. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge
Danyang–Kunshan Thebridge is arailway bridge inthePRCbetween the towns ofDanyangandKunshanonthe route of theBeijing-Shanghaihigh-speed line. It includes a sectionof9 kmabove thewater whencrossing theYangchengLake. Completedin 2010 andcommissioned in2011,is164.8 kmlong, making it thelongest bridge in theworld.The maximum rangeis 80m.