The Coliseum, originally Flavian Amphitheatre, is a huge elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome, between the Esquiline and Caelius, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.
It was built just east of the Roman Forum, began between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus. Other changes were then made during Domitian’s reign (81-96). The name derives from the Flavian Amphitheatre name (people Flavia) of the two emperors Vespasian and Titus.
Able to accommodate between 50,000 and 75,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for hunting wild animals, gladiatorial and other public spectacles. It remained in use for nearly 500 years, the latest games extending to the sixth century. Besides the traditional gladiatorial games, many other shows have been organized, such as animal hunts, public executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. For the inauguration of the Colosseum in 80 AD. AD, Titus gives Naumachie in the Coliseum transformed into basin restoring the naval battle of Corinth against Corcyra. The building ceased to be used during the Middle Ages. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops of artisans, the seat of a religious order, a fortress, a quarry and a catholiquehrétien sanctuary.
The Coliseum is currently in ruins, due to damage caused by earthquakes and recovery of stones, but it continues to measure the power of the ancient Imperial Rome. Today it is a symbol of modern Rome, one of its most popular tourist attractions and still has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church each Friday, the Pope leads a torchlit procession on Stations of the Cross leading to the amphitheater.