The Kilauea volcano is the eastern tip of the Big Island of Hawaii. It appeared 200,000 years ago on the southern flank of Mauna Loa. Kilauea is a shield volcano 20 000 km3 type for an area of 1500 km2. Kilauea is the most active volcano in the world by the time of its eruptions and the volume of basic magma emitted. Its flat top is typical of shield volcanoes with caldera 3.2 x 4.4 km in diameter to a depth of about 150 m.
Hawaii is a volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean and one of the eight main islands that make up the U.S. state of Hawaii. To avoid confusion between his name and that of the state, it is often called the Big Island, in French literally “Big Island” as it is larger than all the other islands of the archipelago met.
However, other sources attribute the name to the legendary realm of Hawaiki, a place from which the Polynesians would originate and where they would return after death.