Melbourne is the second largest metropolitan area in Australia after Sydney. It had 4.25 million inhabitants in 2012. Located near the Port Phillip Bay, south-east of mainland Australia, Melbourne is the capital of the state of Victoria. In English, its inhabitants are Melburnians.
Melbourne is an important commercial, industrial and cultural center. The city is often referred to as capital “sport and culture” in Australia as it is home to many cultural and sporting events and institutions among the largest in the country.
It was classified with six points, gamma world city ranking in 1999 from the University of Loughborough. Melbourne is known for its mix of Victorian architecture and contemporary architecture, its extensive tram network, Victorian parks and gardens, and for its multicultural society. She received the 1956 Summer Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games in 2006.
Melbourne was founded by free settlers in 1835, 47 years after the installation of the first European penal colony in Sydney, as an area of agricultural development around the Yarra River. The city quickly turned in France during the gold rush in Victoria in the 1850s, the wonderful Melbourne became the largest city in Australia in 1865, but was caught and overtaken by Sydney in early XX century. Melbourne served as a member of the federal government at the beginning of the creation of the federation in 1901 until the Federal Parliament moves into the new city of Canberra in 1927, marking the end of a period in which Australia had no capital.