The Metropolitan Cathedral of Mexico, located on the central square of Mexico City, is the largest cathedral in America . It was built in the style of Spanish Baroque architecture and includes a pair of neoclassical towers 64 m bearing eighteen bells.
Three years after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan , Hernan Cortés , on these premises, the construction of a church. It is converted into ‘Cathedral by Charles V and Pope Clement VII after the bubble September 9, 1530 and obtained the title of “metropolitan” in 1547 , by decision of Paul III .
This cathedral is fast becoming too narrow and was demolished in 1571. The construction of the new cathedral is decided by the viceroy Martín Enríquez de Almanza and Archbishop Pedro Moya de Contreras who laid the first stone in the same year . It will be dedicated in 1667. A side chapel, the Sagrario , Mexican churrigueresque , was built between 1749 and 1769. The final elements , two towers and a central dome, works of neoclassical Spanish architect Manuel Tolsá , complete all in 1813.