The Bromo is a stratovolcano on the Indonesian island of Java. The 2329 m high volcano is the youngest crater of the volcano Tengger massif, and one of the most active volcanoes on Java.
It is located in the National Park Bromo – Tengger – Semeru and is a popular tourist destination. During an outbreak, on June 8, 2004, two people died.
On 23 November 2010 a new eruption phase , a radius of 2 kilometers around the crater began has been temporarily disabled. The Malang is located nearby the airport was called to take extra care and to the inhabitants of the region dust masks were distributed.
A particularly popular viewpoint on the Bromo is the Gunung Penanjakan . The Semeru located behind the Bromo sent multiple times within an hour recurrently its small and sometimes larger eruptions.
The Bromo Tengger massif – is part of a volcanic chain extending along the Sunda arch . It involves a subduction zone volcanoes , which are caused by the decrease of the Indo- Australian plate under the Eurasian plate along the Sunda Trench . The rising magma in this process feeds the volcanoes of this volcanic chain , which extends from the Andaman Sumatra and Java to East Timor.