Ilulissat is a town of Greenland , chief town of the municipality of Qaasuitsup . Its population, Ilulissat is the third town in the country with 20 111 inhabitants in 4546 .
Until 31 December 2008 , it was the capital of the municipality of Ilulissat. Since 1 January 2009, it belongs to the new municipality of Qaasuitsup .
The city of Ilulissat is also known for hosting the famous Fjord where the flow iceberges among the largest in the world , Fjord UNESCO World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2004.
The archaeological site of Sermermiut is one of the largest Greenland. It contains the remains of cultures Saqqaq , Dorset and Thule.
The Ilulissat region was an important hunting area , named Nordrseta for the Vikings between the tenth century, the Inuit arrived in the thirteenth century.
Before the arrival of Europeans in the seventeenth century , was an important Sermermiut Inuit encampment of about 250 souls. The modern city was built by missionaries in 1741 under the name of Jakobshavn ( founder Jakob Severin ) and in particular its prosperity based on whaling and whale oil production .