The Terracotta Army is an archaeological Chinese. It consists of 6,000 to 8,000 terracotta warriors , dressed in armor stone and equipped with weapons . These statues were ” guarding ” the tomb of the first Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang . Of these statues were unearthed only 500 fighters, 18 wooden carts and 100 terracotta horses . This archaeological site is located in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province of China.
Archaeological research brought to light in the course of the years since 1974 , when they were discovered accidentally by a farmer, who was making a well, graves containing : terracotta armed men , wagons, horses , statues of servants , mandarins, concubines and everyday objects such as pots and utensils . The statues represent only a fraction of the archaeological complex covers an area of 56,000 square meters .
According to the testimony of the Chinese historian Sima Qian , who was born a century after the construction of the mausoleum , this building was a real affair of state , in which they worked more than 700,000 prisoners in the course of 10 years of work.
The burial chamber , not yet fully brought to light, it would be so profound as to pass through 3 levels of aquifers , with walls made of bronze and surrounded by rivers of cinnabar , mercury sulphide that is that, for the Taoist philosophy , it would be an activator for the energy ‘ immortality. Immortality was a fixation of the Emperor, who had organized several expeditions by land and sea , in search of the famous elixir of life . But Qin Shi Huang Di is also famous for the construction of the Great Wall, a fortification thousands of miles long .
This army is a faithful replica dall’armata he had helped to unify China . However, in the case, few weapons were found , as were looted by the rebels who settled on the imperial throne : the Han Dynasty . The positions of the hands and body of the statues , you can imagine the fighting techniques of infantry , halberdiers , archers and crossbowmen . They fought mainly on foot, wagons and horses were used to direct the movements of the infantry. The cavalry was introduced later, to deal with the nomadic warriors in battle used precisely the horses .
The statues affect also for their realism and in particular : the technique used to achieve compact consisted in circles of clay in order to create a tube ( the chest ) and completed with the addition of legs and arms. The structure then was covered with blocks of clay to create the uniforms and then decorated .
In 1987, the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di , including the terracotta army is a part, has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
In 1994, twelve specimens were exposed in two exhibitions in Italy , Venice and Rome.
On 9 August 2007 twenty specimens army departed by truck , along with about a hundred other artifacts, to get to the British Museum in London , where they were exposed from 13 September 2007 to 6 April 2008.
From July 2008 to November 16, 2008 , five of the warriors Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huangdi were exposed to Turin at the Museum of Antiquities .
From 16 April 2010 to 5 September 2010 were exposed nine warriors in Milan, at the Royal Palace, the exhibition entitled ” The two Empires .” The group was made up of a horse, a counselor, a crossbowman and 6 Lancers .
From March 15 to November 17, 2013 about 200 original artifacts are on display at the History Museum of Bern in the exhibition ” Qin – The Eternal Emperor and his terracotta warriors .”