Ziggurat of Ur, Tell el-Muqayyar, Dhi Qar Province, Iraq
TheZiggurat of Ur(SumerianEtemennigur) is an ancient Orientalzigguratwith a baselengthof 62.5× 43meters and a heightof 25 meters.Theearlystagesancienttemple is locatedin the southof present-dayIraq, about 15kilometers west ofNasiriyah. It was builtby the Sumeriansin Urunderthe reign of KingUr-Nammuandhis sonShulgiover 4,000years ago. Thezigguratis a massivemud-brickconstructionwith 2.5 mthick wallsof burnt brick. The cornersof the buildingshowinthe four cardinaldirections.Unlike otherZigguratentheheights of the stepsare very different:The lowest levelhad a height ofelevenmeters,the secondand third stagesare estimated at5.7and 2.9m.On the northeastsideledthree flights of stairsto agatehousebetween second and thirdstage. The plant wascrowned by theactual templefor themoon godNanna. 1854examinedthe British consulJohnGeorgeTaylorruins.1922 to 1934, the British archaeologistLeonardWoolleybyattempts to reconstructthe system.The appearanceof the plantfromthe second stagefloorremainsspeculative.