The Church of St. George is one of eleven rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia village located 2600 m.
It was carved into the rock in the early thirteenth century and is the most famous and the most recent eleven churches .
Built on a cruciform plan ( Greek cross ) 25 meters wide , it is 30 meters high .
This is an independent structure , which is attached to the rock by the base. It is fully excavated in the tray consists of a red volcanic rock.
3,400 m3 of rock had to be removed for trimming the church externally and thus constitute the court and about 450 m3 to carve and decorate the interior of the church.
It is located a little away to the west of the two groups (the ” heavenly Jerusalem ” and ” earthly Jerusalem ” ) consisting of ten other churches.
It is connected by a series of tunnels to the group of four churches located in the Northeast.
ccording to Ethiopian cultural history, Bete Giyorgis was built during the reign of King Lalibela Gebre Mesqel the Zagwés dynasty. It would have had a divine vision instructing him to build churches.
According to legend, the building was soon completed, Saint Georges himself , directing squads of angels, having participated.
Lalibela is a pilgrimage site for members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, especially during the festival of Timqet .
This church and the other ten are classified Site by UNESCO World Heritage Site under ” Hewn Churches of Lalibela rock .”