Prambanan, Java

Prambanan is a complex of Hindu temples that stretches for miles, is located on the island of Java (more precisely, about 18 km from Yogyakarta ), was built approximately in ‘850 AD by Rakai Pikatan , the second king of the dynasty Mataram ( other sources report instead of its builder was Balitung Maha Sambu of dynasty Sanjaya ). Is located not far from the colossal temple Buddhist called Borobudur built a few years earlier by the previous dynasty: the Sailendra , the two temples are often united by area and historical period but have enormous structural differences, you might even say they are the exact opposite, since Borobudur is developed horizontally and has a massive aspect while Prambanan is developed upward and has a slender shape.

Both of these monuments have been declared World Heritage Site by ‘ UNESCO in 1991 . It is estimated that originally the temple complex was composed of well 232 temples, later it was discovered that many of these actually were not temples but mausoleums of ancient kings, but there is uncertainty because in mid- 1600 a devastating earthquake ruined part structures, a reconstruction of the main temples began in 1918 and ended in 1953 , but a new earthquake in 2006 hit the ‘ island of Java and once again damaged the buildings.

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