The Pyramid of Cheops or Great Pyramid of Giza is a monument built by the ancient Egyptians , forming a pyramid with a square base of side 230 m and 137 m hauteurnote 1 ( or initially 440 and 280 of side height Egyptian royal cubits ) . Tomb of Pharaoh Khufu , it was built there over 4,500 years under the Fourth dynastie1 the center of the funerary complex of Khufu at Giza is located in Egypt.
If it is the only one of the seven wonders of the world from antiquity to have survived until our days, it is also the oldest. For millennia , it was the human construction of all records: the highest, the most voluminous and most massive . This lighthouse monument of ancient Egypt for more than 4500 years scrutinized and studied relentlessly.
The tomb , a masterpiece of Ancient Egyptian Empire , is the concentration and the culmination of all the architectural techniques developed since the creation of monumental architecture in stone by Imhotep for the pyramid of its sovereign Djoser . However, many architectural features and feats achieved by making a pyramid from ever questioning humanity.