Liberty Enlightening the World, better known as the Statue of Liberty is one of the most famous monuments of the United States. This monumental statue is located in New York, on the island of Liberty Island south of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River and nearby Ellis Island ‘d.
It was built in France and hosted by the French people as a sign of friendship between the two nations, to celebrate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. The statue was discovered in broad daylight October 28, 1886 in the presence of President of the United States, Grover Cleveland. The idea came from a lawyer and professor at the College de France Édouard de Laboulaye in 1865. The project was entrusted in 1871 to the French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi. For the choice of brass to be employed in the construction, architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc had the idea of repoussé. In 1879, the death of Viollet-le-Duc, Bartholdi appealed to the engineer Gustave Eiffel in deciding the internal structure of the statue. It devised a metal pylon carrying the copper plates hammered and fixed.
The statue is part of the National Historic Landmarks since 15 October 1924 and the World Heritage list of UNESCO since 1984.
The Statue of Liberty, as well as being a very important monument of the city of New York, became a symbol of the United States and is more generally freedom and empowerment vis-à-vis oppression. Its inauguration in 1886 until Jet Age, the statue was thus the first vision of the United States for millions of immigrants after a long voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. In terms of architecture, the statue reminds the Colossus of Rhodes was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It is the main component of Statue of Liberty National Monument, which is managed by the National Park Service.
After the attacks of September 11, 2001, access was forbidden for safety reasons: the pedestal reopened in 2004 and the statue in 2009, with a limited number of visitors allowed access to the crown. The statue (including the pedestal and base) was closed for a year until October 28, 2012, for a secondary staircase and other safety devices can be installed. One day after the reopening, access was again banned because of the devastating effects of Hurricane Sandy. Access to the island and the statue were reopened July 4, 2013.